Turbine engines installed in rotorcraft have an exhaust system that is designed and produced by the aircraft manufacturer. The primary function of the exhaust system is to direct hot exhaust gases away from the airframe. The exhaust system may consist of a tailpipe, which is attached to the engine, and an exhaust fairing, which is part of the rotorcraft. The engine manufacturer specifies a baseline "referee" tailpipe design, and guaranteed engine performance is based upon the use of the referee tailpipe and tailpipe exit diameter. The configuration used on the rotocraft may differ from the referee tailpipe, but it is intended to minimize additional losses attributed to the installation. This Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes the physical, functional, and performance interfaces to be considered in the design of the aircraft exhaust system.
The scope of this Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) covers where, when, and how often to sample hydraulic system fluid on aerospace vehicles for particulate contamination measurements. The measurement of hydraulic fluid particulate contamination is of concern to the aerospace community because of the critical importance of hydraulic equipment reliability. Contamination is always present in the system fluid, even in new unused fluid. Contamination must be below a level that will not adversely affect system operation. This ARP draws from aerospace industry experience and practice to establish criteria for fluid contamination sampling recommendations in aerospace vehicle hydraulic systems. Fluid samples can then be subjected to measurement of particulate contamination and of other harmful contaminants such as chlorinated solvents and water.
This document applies to direct acting vacuum power assist brake boosters only, exclusive of the master cylinder or other brake system prime mover devices for passenger cars and light trucks [4500 kg GVW (10 000 lb)]. It specifies the test procedure to determine minimum performance and durability characteristics which are specified in SAE J1902 (under development).
This SAE Recommended Practice encompasses analytical procedures for measuring nonregulated diesel exhaust emissions. Methods are recommended for the measurement of aldehydes and carbonyl compounds, sulfates and the characterization of diesel exhaust particulates. Informational methods are presented for the measurement of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in diesel exhaust particulate samples. The procedures are based on current proven chemical and engineering practices. However, it should be noted that the procedures are subject to change to keep pace with established experience and technology. The procedures are intended for use in the collection, analysis, and characterization of emissions from diesel engines. They are to be used as a guide in standardizing practices so that the results from various sources can be compared with some degree of accuracy. The specific purpose of each chemical method is presented at the beginning of each method section.
The specification covers hose fabricated from fabric braid and synthetic rubber, assembled with end fittings for use in automotive power steering applications at pressures as indicated in Table 1, as flexible connections within the temperature range of -40 °C (-40 °F) to 121 °C (250 °F) average, 149 °C (300 °F) maximum peaks. These hoses are intended for use in applications where reduction in amplitude of pump pressure pulsations is not required.
This SAE Standard establishes a classification of materials intended for the manufacture of piston rings based on mechanical properties and the stresses that these materials are capable of withstanding. This document applies to the manufacture of piston rings up to and including 200 mm diameter for reciprocating internal combustion engines. It also applies to piston rings for compressors working under similar conditions.
This SAE Standard covers molded rubber boots used as end closures on drum-type wheel brake actuating cylinders to prevent the entrance of dirt and moisture, which could cause corrosion and otherwise impair wheel brake operation. The document includes performance tests of brake cylinder boots of both plain and insert types under specified conditions and does not include requirements relating to chemical composition, tensile strength, or elongation of the rubber compound. Further, it does not cover the strength of the adhesion of rubber to the insert material where an insert is used. The rubber material used in these boots is classified as suitable for operation in a temperature range of -40 to +120 degrees C +/-2 degrees C (-40 to +248 degrees F +/-3.6 degrees F).