Although not limited to, these clutch requirements are normally used on trucks considered as Heavy Duty (Class 8). This SAE Information Report defines and discusses clutch and related component configurations which will become the subject of future SAE Recommended Practices to promote standardization of clutch installations and mounting dimensions for use with pull-type heavy-duty clutches.
This report approaches the material selection process from the designer's viewpoint. Information is presented in a format designed to guide the user through a series of decision-making steps. "Applications criteria" along with engineering and manufacturing data are emphasized to enable the merits of aluminum for specific applications to be evaluated and the appropriate alloys and tempers to be chosen.
This information report provides basic information on leakage testing, as applied to nondestructive testing, and affords the user sufficient information so that he may decide whether leakage testing methods apply to his particular need. Detailed references are listed in the Bibliography.
This specification covers sub-critically annealed or normalized electric resistance welded and cold-drawn single-wall high strength steel tubing intended for use in hydraulic pressure lines and in other applications requiring tubing of a quality suitable for bending, flaring, cold forming, welding and brazing. Nominal reference working pressures for this tubing are listed in ISO 10763 for metric tubing and SAE J1065 for inch tubing.
The scope of this SAE Information Report is to provide general information relative to the nature and use of magnetic particles for nondestructive testing. The document is not intended to provide detailed technical information, but will serve as an introduction to the theory and capabilities of magnetic particle testing, and as a guide to more extensive references.
This report is an abbreviated summary of metallurgical joining by welding, brazing, and soldering. It is generally intended to reflect current usage in the automotive industry; however, it does include some of the more recently developed processes. More comprehensive coverage of materials, processing details, and equipment required may be found in the Welding Handbook, Soldering Manual, and other publications of the American Welding Society for Testing and Materials. AWS Automotive Welding Committee publications on Recommended Practices are particularly recommended for the design or product engineer. This report is not intended to cover mechanical joining such as rivets or screw fasteners, or chemical joining processes such as adhesive joining.
This recommended microscopic practice for evaluating the inclusion content in steel has been developed as a practical method of quantitatively determining the degree of cleanliness of steel. This method has been established as a reasonable control for steel mill operations and acceptance for production manufacturing. It has been widely accepted for carbon and alloy steel bars, billets, and slabs. Exceptions are resulfurized grades which are outside the limits of these photomicrographs and the high carbon bearing quality steels which are generally classified using ASTM E 45-60T, Method A, Jernkontoret Charts.
This specification supplies engineers and designers with: (a) poppet valve nomenclature; (b) poppet valve alloy designations; (c) chemical compositions of poppet valve alloys; (d) a guide to alloy metallurgy and heat treatments; (e) general information on properties of valve alloys; (f) a guide to the applications of alloys; (g) a description of valve design and construction, and their relation to valve alloy selection; and (h) valve gear design considerations that affect valves.
This standard describes the chemical, mechanical, and dimensional requirements for a wide range of wrought copper and copper alloys used in the automotive and related industries. Wrought forms covered by this standard include sheet, strip, bar, plate, rod, wire, tube, and shapes; however, form required must be specified by purchaser.
The bearing performance of steel backed half bearings, bushings, and washers is dependent on the properties and thickness of the lining alloys, the strength and dimensional stability of the steel backing (usually SAE 1010) and the strength of the bond between the lining alloy and the backing. This SAE Information Report is primarily concerned with the properties of the lining alloys used in automotive applications, in particular, the crankshaft bearings of the internal combustion engine.
Hardness testing with files consists essentially of cutting or abrading the surface of metal parts, and approximating the hardness by the feel, or extent to which, the file bites into the surface. The term 'file hard' means that the surface hardness of the parts tested is such that a new file of proven hardness will not cut the surface of the material being tested.
This report covers the recommended practice for the evaluation and measurement of decarburization in ferrous material. Included are definitions of types with charts and micrographs and methods most commonly used for the measurement of decarburization.
This report lists approximate hardness conversion values; test methods for Vickers Hardness, Brinell Hardness, Rockwell Hardness, Rockwell Superficial Hardness, Shore Hardness; and information regarding surface preparation, specimen thickness, effect of curved surfaces, and recommendations for Rockwell surface hardness testing for case hardened parts.
The SAE Standards for aluminum casting alloys cover a wide range of castings for general and special use, but do not include all the alloys in commercial use. Over the years, aluminum alloys have been identified by many numbering systems as shown in Table 1. Presently, SAE is recommending the use of the UNS Numbering System to identify these materials. The castings are made principally by sand cast, permanent mold, or die cast methods; however, shell molding, investment casting, plaster cast, and other less common foundry methods may also be used. If the alloys listed do not have the desired characteristics, it is recommended that the manufacturers of aluminum castings be consulted.
The Joint AWS/SAE Committee on Automotive Welding was organized on January 16, 1974, for the primary purpose of facilitating the development and publication of various documents related to the selection, specification, testing, and use of welding materials and practices, particularly for the automotive and related industries. A secondary purpose is the dissemination of technical information.
The scope of this SAE Information Report is to supply the user with sufficient information so that he may decide whether acoustic emission test methods apply to his particular inspection problem. Detailed technical information can be obtained by referring to Section 2.