This SAE Standard is derived from SAE J2805 and specifies an engineering method for measuring the sound emitted by M and N category road vehicles at standstill and low speed operating conditions.. The specifications reproduce the level of sound which is generated by the principal vehicle sound sources consistent with stationary and low speed vehicle operating conditions relevant for pedestrian safety. The method is designed to meet the requirements of simplicity as far as they are consistent with reproducibility of results under the operating conditions of the vehicle.
The test method requires an acoustic environment which is only obtained in an extensive open space or in special designed indoor facilities replicating the conditions of an extensive open space. Such conditions usually exist during:
The results obtained by this method give an objective measure of the sound emitted under the specified conditions of test. It is necessary to consider the fact that the subjective appraisal of the annoyance, perceptibility, and/or detectability of different motor vehicles or classes of motor vehicles due to their sound emission are not simply related to the indications of a sound measurement system. As annoyance, perceptibility, and/or detectability are strongly related to personal human perception, physiological human condition, culture, and environmental conditions, there are large variations and therefore these terms are not useful as parameters to describe a specific vehicle condition.
Spot checks of vehicles chosen at random rarely occur in an ideal acoustic environment. If measurements are carried out on the road in an acoustic environment which does not fulfill the requirements stated in this SAE Standard, the results obtained may deviate appreciably from the results obtained using the specified conditions.
In addition, this standard provides an engineering method to assess the performance of external sound generation systems intended for the purpose of providing acoustic information to pedestrians on a vehicle’s operating condition. This information is reported as objective criteria related to the external sound generation system’s sound pressure level, frequency content, and changes in sound pressure level and frequency content as a function of vehicle speed. As such, these measures can provide pedestrians with information on the location, speed, direction of travel, acceleration, and deceleration behavior of a vehicle. Annex A contains background information relevant in the development of this SAE Standard.
The advent of road transport vehicles that rely, in whole or in part, on alternative drive trains (e.g., electromotive propulsion) are serving to significantly reduce both air and noise pollution and their adverse impacts on citizens throughout the world. However, the very positive environmental benefits achieved to date by these "hybrid or pure electric" road vehicles have resulted in the unintended consequence of removing a source of audible signal that is used by various groups of pedestrians, (e.g., in particular blind and low vision persons), to signal the approach, presence and/or departure of road vehicles.
Therefore, this SAE Standard has been developed to provide a method to measure the minimum noise emission of road vehicles, as well as to quantify the characteristics of any external sound-generation system installed for the purpose of conveying acoustic information about the approach, presence and/or departure of the vehicle to nearby pedestrians.
This SAE Standard was updated in order to harmonize with ISO DIS 16254 and is applicable for 'hybrid or pure electric vehicles.' In particular, changes in this version include updates and or additions to allow for commencing motion, and provides precision 1/3 octave band measurement procedures not included in the original publication of SAE J2889-1.