This document provides a summary of the activities to-date of Task Force #1 - Research Foundations – of the SAE’s Driver Vehicle Interface (DVI) committee. More specifically, it establishes working definitions of key DVI concepts, as well as an extensive list of data sources relevant to DVI design and the larger topic of driver distraction.
The information in this document is intended to aid researchers and facilitate improved Driver Vehicle Interface (DVI) design and usability by establishing working definitions of key concepts and providing references to existing research in this area.
New automotive technologies such as crash avoidance systems, Connected Vehicles (i.e., V2X), and vehicle automation offer many opportunities for improving mobility and driving safety. However, if in-vehicle systems, particularly the driver-vehicle interface (DVI), are not designed in a manner consistent with driver limitations and capabilities, these potential advantages may not be realized and these technologies can even lead to unintended negative outcomes.
Common definitions of key concepts are important for scientific advancement in these areas for several reasons. First, they enable effective communications among researchers and industry. Without common definitions, the relevance of others’ work may not be recognized, or conflicting data may result due to the failure to detect that datasets are actually dealing with different in-vehicle systems. Second, it helps focus future research by ensuring researchers are working from a common reference. Third, it is difficult to compare and replicate studies if they do not use common definitions. Lastly, it helps establish credibility for the profession. Overall, having common definitions helps researchers avoid publishing research results that are unclear, inaccurate, misinterpreted, or inconsistent with related publications.
A comprehensive list of references to existing research is helpful to quickly discovering and accessing prior work; thus facilitating scientific advancement, and enabling effective communications among researchers. In this regard, the references to existing research in this document are deliberately limited to juried publications. However, other relevant data sources are available, and the reader is encouraged to pursue discovery and review of additional information such as related patents, scholarly opinion, newer publications, internet discussions, and news media articles.
NOTE: The user’s attention is called to the possibility that compliance with this standard may require use of an invention covered by patent rights.