Diesel Fuels

Standard:
Revised:
  • 2017-06-07
 
  • CURRENT
Publisher:
  • SAE International
Pages:
41
Scope:

Automotive and railroad diesel fuels, in general, are derived from petroleum refinery products which are commonly referred to as middle distillates. Middle distillates represent products which have a higher boiling range than gasoline and are obtained from fractional distillation of the crude oil or from streams from other refining processes. Finished diesel fuels represent blends of middle distillates.

The properties of commercial distillate diesel fuels depend on the refinery practices employed and the nature of the crude oils from which they are derived. Thus, they may differ both with and within the region in which they are manufactured. Such fuels generally boil over a range between 163 and 371 °C (325 to 700 °F). Their makeup can represent various combinations of volatility, ignition quality, viscosity, sulfur level, gravity, and other characteristics. Additives may be used to impart special properties to the finished diesel fuel.

Rationale:

Diesel fuel accounts for approximately 20% of all crude oil consumed in the U.S. The oil, automobile, and fuel additive industries have worked together for many decades to determine the composition and properties of diesel fuels required to provide satisfactory vehicle operation. This work is ongoing. Since the late 1960s, environmental concerns have led to federal and state regulations to reduce emissions from vehicles and from petroleum storage and transportation facilities.

This SAE Surface Vehicle Standard discusses the characteristics of diesel fuels, common Standard Test Methods, specifications developed by ASTM International and others, government regulations, and the effects of diesel fuel composition and properties on vehicle performance, fuel economy, emissions, and durability. This historical document provides useful information for the proper and safe use of diesel fuel and is not intended to be a product specification.

History:
Standard Published Revision Status
J313_201706 2017-06-07 Latest Revised
2004-07-28 Historical Revised
2002-10-31 Historical Revised
1998-03-01 Historical Revised
1992-03-01 Historical Revised
1989-06-01 Historical Revised
1987-06-01 Historical Revised
1986-06-01 Historical Revised
1984-06-01 Historical Revised
1982-04-01 Historical Revised
1980-06-01 Historical Revised
1978-05-01 Historical Revised
1976-09-01 Historical Revised
1955-01-01 Historical Revised
Access
Now
SAE MOBILUS Subscriber? You may already have access.
Buy
Select
Price
List
Download
$76.00
Add
Mail
$76.00
Members save up to 18% off list price.
Grade
If you are currently using this technical report:
Share
HTML for Linking to Page
Page URL

Related Items

Article
2016-11-11
Technical Paper / Journal Article
2010-10-25
Standard
2011-10-27
Article
2016-11-11
Standard
2017-06-07
Standard
2017-09-07
Article
2016-11-15
Training / Education
1999-09-27