This SAE Recommended Practice covers a laboratory procedure for testing and evaluating the resistance of surface coating to chipping by gravel impact. The test is designed to reproduce the effect of gravel or other media striking exposed paint or coated surfaces of an automobile and has been correlated with actual field results. The specific intent of the test is to evaluate organic surface coatings or systems on flat test panels; however, It may be possible to extend this type of testing to finished parts or other types of materials such as anodized aluminum or plated plastics if the results are interpreted with respect to the limitations and intent implied by the original testing procedures and rating system. This document may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This document does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of whoever uses this document to consult and establish safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. All dimensions are nominal unless otherwise noted.
J400 has been reaffirmed to comply with the SAE five-year review policy.